Modifications for the Kenwood TS-790

TS-790 mods.for G3RUH/TAPR-PSK


This short note is addressed to Paul DU1POL originaly, but it may be help of them who has the same problem,I uploaded addressed To:All here.

Hello Paul
G3RUH 9.6kbps modem connection need mod. to both TX and RX. of 790.

TX.....
connect new 1kohm R to the point D81 and R358(1k ohm) OR connect to CONNECTOR-31 directly.

RX.....
IC8(MC3357P)---for main RX, IC1(MC3357P)---for sub RX pin #9 is the point to draw RX signal.

Usualy, sub RX is used for satellite communication as TX/RX freq. is different. But I drew both main and sub signal and switch them with a microrelay.This relay can be controled with main panel SW 144ATT.(see 790 manual).

These mods. are essential for G3RUH 9.6kbps, but also usable for FO-20 PSK. BUT.....with my experience, there is many trouble to use this mods. for TAPR PSK modem. TX audio level setting, RX noise (MC3357P pin#9 has 455khz wave element).....and so on.
So, I use ACC2 for TAPR PSK modem (also usable for 1200AFSK)

ACC2 connection
4---GND
9---PTT
11---TXD audio signal in
1 --3.3k---
3 --3.3k---/ connect together to RX audio.

two small 1/8w 3.3k regitor mixes main and sub audio, so it is able to use for cross band full duplex and mono band half duplex operation.
These registor can be mounted in ACC2 13 pin plug.

UP/DWN control from TAPR PSK modem to 790
U12 and JP5/6 setting
  U12                 790 mic terminal
pin 8  ----  D  ------ UP   pin 4
pin 5  ----  E  ------ DWN  pin 3
      G ---  B  ------ GND line   
pin 6 and pin 7 must be jumpered and connect to ground.

Mods. to audio drop problem in 790 computer control.
In computer control from rear ACC1 terminal,frequency setting command makes 10m sec.of audio drop(mute),and data collapse occur in PACKET operation. This problem is fixed by killing the blanking pulse to IF amp circuit. remove Q4(2SC2712) on IF unit and short the collector circuit to GND (R15 470 ohm).

This mods. is essential for auto freq. control with KCT/Tuner for low orbit Packet satellite.

TS-790A for use with the paccomm MC-NB96 G3RUH


12-26-91


The Kenwood TS-790A makes a wonderful 9600 BPS Packet Radio Transceiver as it has an excellent front end, powerful transmitter, and 144,440, and 1.2 GHZ coverage. The CFW-455F filter inside is not too narrow despite what you may have read and coupled with the low noise front end of the rig enables the G3RUH modem to reliably decode valid data that barely moves the S-meter.

The modification discribed below is simple, reversible, and does not impair normal operation or the appearance of the transceiver. This is a "no holes" modification as it allows the G3RUH modem to be connected to ACC 4 jack on the rear panel.

Place the TS-790A upside down on a soft clean surface so as not to mar the cabinet. Remove the bottom cover to expose the IF. Board. With the front panel facing you the work area is the upper left quarter of the IF board. Identify pin 9 of IC8 (MC3357P). There are two of these chips on the IF board but only the main demodulator IC is in the work area. RX audio to the modem will be derived from this point. Next locate J31 a two pin connector near D81 and X2 (10.965 OSC). TX audio from the modem will be supplied to the hot lead on J31.
Note the large aluminum heat sink that spans across the IF board near the rear of the chassis. A round lug will be mounted on it near the rear of ACC 4 jack.

Wire an eight pin din plug. Use shielded cable for TX and RX audio. No traces on the IF board need to be cut. Pins 3 and 5 of ACC 4 are not connected to anything as the radio comes from the factory. Make sure the Din plug fits the jack properly before wiring it.
 
PIN 2 - ground
PIN 3 - TX audio from G3RUH              
PIN 5 - RX audio to G3RUH
PIN 8 - PTT
Prepare two six inch lenghts of RG-174. Prepare one end of each cable so that the shield will reach the ground lug mounted on the large aluminum heat sink. The cables will be routed over the top of the heat sink and will not be crushed when the bottom cover is reinstalled as there is adequate clearance.

Solder the center conductor of one cable to pin 3 on the rear of ACC 4 (verify with ohm meter). Solder the center conductor of the other cable to pin 5 on the rear of ACC4 (verify with ohm meter). Dress the cable connected to ACC 4 pin 5 over to IC8 pin 9. Cut to size and solder (be careful- use minimum heat and thin solder). The exposed shield is discarded and heat shrink tubing placed over the end to prevent any shorts that would otherwise occur from having exposed strands of the shield touching something. Dress the other cable connected to pin 3 of ACC 4 to J31 and cut to size. Prepare the end in the same manner as the other cable. Solder the center conductor to pin 2 of J31. This is accomplished by cutting the lead going to pin 2 about 1/2 inch back, stripping the insulation back 1/8 inch on the two ends, and then joining the center conductor of the cable going to pin 3 of ACC 4 and soldering the three exposed ends together. Use heat shrink tubing to cover the solder joint.

NOTE that the banded end of D81 is not the cathode of the varactor diode ! There is no need to insert any additional capacitance in series with J31 pin 2.
The shields are not connected at both ends of the RG-174 cables in order to prevent ground loops. The Aluminum heat sink was used as ground as no other ground was available that was close to ACC 4. Your sight may be better than mind and you may find one.

Adjust VR-1 on the MC-NB96 board for 75 mv p-p as measured on pin 2 of J31. This will give a good initial setting for injected transmit audio level.

This completes the modification. 9600 BPS Packet can now be enjoyed on each of the bands installed in your TS-790A. For non-packet operation either unplug the modem from ACC 4 or turn off power to the modem. For 9600 packet operation unplug the mic and turn the mic gain to minimum.

TS-790 & 9600 Baud Operation (Rev 2)


These notes were partly taken from James Miller, G3RUH notification for FT736R and the article of my good friend Sueo Asato, JA6FTL.

These mods are working very well with 9600 bps UO-14 and CBBS operation currently used at my site.

Please refer to G3RUH's notification for FT736R for more detail.
RX/TX mod suitablity remains same as his notes.

TS-790 ; FM Direct from Discriminator

Detected and amplified/buffered FM direct from the receiver discriminator is available from Pin-9 IC1 (Sub) or IC8 (Main).
I use IC1 (Sub) for reception.

TS-790 ; Direct varactor FM Modulation

Inject your TX audio at the cathode side of diode D81 with a 1K ohm register in series. You can find D81 near Q73 in your IF UNIT diagram.

Misc

It takes a bit hard work for very small and jungle PCB. Use tiny tools.
Carefully adjust the TX audio level by VR1 of the modem, it's rather low.
You would probablly need some local friend to do this adjustment, asking him to tell you his TNC's DCD LED stays steady (no flicker).
UO-14 RX frequency tracking for TS-790/FT-736


The doppler shift range in overhead pass reaches to 20kHz. It is essential to tune-in RX frequency for good through put.
I assembled auto freq. tracking for UO-14 FSK signal reception and achieved good result.
[Block diagram]
RX discri.out<-- voltage comparater--INV--NOR--switching TR---> Down control
                      (Q1)           (Q2) (Q2)      (Q3)
                                           |
   G3RUH board  DCD -----------------------

[Circuit connection table.]

                GND         Q1:LM324 or TL084  Q2:74HC02  Q3:2SC945 etc.
                 |
              (C:0.01)
                 |    ----      ----      ----              -----
   *a<-(R:1M)--------3 Q1 1----6 Q2  4----3 Q2 1---(R:470)---B Q3 C---> DWN *c
     +12V--(R:8k)--- 2    |   -5     |   -2    |            -E    |
                 |    ----    | -----    | ----             | ----
                 |            |          |                  |
              (VR:10K)       GND         |                 GND
                 |                       |
                GND                      |          GND   +12V  +5V
    *b<-- G3RUH board DCD line------------      Q1   11     4
                                                Q2    7          14

*a: to RX discri out (=G3RUH board RX IN)
*b: to G3RUH board DCD line (U10 pin 13)
*c: to down control pin of mic terminal (TS-790 mic pin 3)

setting of VR:10k
        The discrimiator IC output level is 5.8V+-2V.
        Whitout RX signal, set the VR to Q1 pin 1 level turn HIGH->LOW.

In my case, I assembled the circuit on a small universal PCB and enclosed into
TINY-2 with NB96 board.

In the case of FT-736, DL signal polarity is different from TS-790 so
change as follow
     ------
     3 Q2 1------|>------> DL signal to mic terminal
     2    |    Diode (1S1588 etc)
     -----
TS-790 cross band repeater mod


To operate the TS790A in the repeater cross band mode,diode D32 on the control board must be opened.In addition,two resistors must be soldered to a 13 pin din plug which will be connected to the ACC. 2 jack on the back panel of the transceiver.

To locate and open D32


  1. Disconnect the power supply and antenna from the radio.

  2. Remove the 14 screws that secure the top and bottom covers.

  3. Carefully remove the top and bottom covers.

  4. Locate the control board. this is a vertically mounehind the front panel.

  5. Locate diode d32 towards the top right side of the board.

  6. Using a small pair of wire cutters,cut the lead of the diode. do not pull on the lead or the diode as this may tear the foil on the other side of the board.

  7. assemble the radio by reversing steps 1-3.
13 pin DIN plug configuration.


  1. Using a small flat blade screwdriver,lift up on the tab of the nylon cover.

  2. Once the tab clears the slot of the metal holder,pull the cover off the plug.

  3. Carefully separate the two metal holders and remove the pin assembly.

  4. First tin pins 1,8 and 11 of the assembly so the resistors can easily be soldered in place.

  5. SOLDER A 100K ohm,1/4 watt resistor between pins be cut and shaped before soldering).

  6. Solder a 1.5K ohm,1/4 watt resistor between pin 8 and the lead of the 100K ohm resistor that is attached to pin 11.(the resistor leads should be cut and shaped before soldering)
  7. Wrap a small piece of electrical tape around the resistors. This will insulate them from the metal holder after the plug is assembled.

  8. Mount the pin assembly in the two metal holders.

  9. Slide the cover over the plug until the tab engages in the slot. The "U" shaped strain relief will not be used.

  10. Plug the 13 pin din plug in the ACC2 jack on the back panel of the radio.
Operating procedures


The repeater cross band operation allows the TS790A to receive on one bag signals will automatically be switched to the sub band.The TS790A will then re-transmit the signals from the main band. Each band may contain offset and sub-audible tone information (an optional TSU-5 must be installed in EACH BAND for decode).

  1. Press the MAIN function swich to select the MAIN band.

  2. Select the first operating frequency and mode (fm only). Select the offset as required.

  3. If the CH.Q is on,press the CH.Q switch to turn the function off.

  4. Select the sub-audible tone as required.

  5. Transfer the contents of the MAIN band to the SUB band.

  6. Select the second operating frequency anf mode (FM ONLY) and turn the CH.Q off.

  7. Select the offset and sub-audible tone as required.

  8. Adjustd point. The TS790A will transmit in the repeater crossband mode if the squelch controls are set too low or a signal is received.

  9. Adjust the power control to allow normal output power from the MAIN band.

  10. Adjust the sub band volume control to a normal listening level to monitor incoming signals.

  11. To place the radio in the repeater cross-band mode,press the F. switch and then press the M.IN switch. An asterisk will light in the MAIN band display for confirmation.

  12. To cancel the operation,repeat step 11 and disconnect the DIN plug.

  13. If the DIN plug is left in place after use,bleedover from the SUB band audio if present will be mixed with any transmitted audio.
    This will make your audio during TSU-5 TONE UNIT
When the TSU-5 tone units are not installed,only the tone (encode) function can be used.
If CTCSS is to be used it must be installed in both bands to function with the cross-band repeater mode.

TX audio adjustment


The audio gain can be adjusted by variable resistor VR36 on the IF unit.
If the range of VR36 does not suffice for normal transmit audio,the values of the resistors on the 13 pin din plug can be changed. As an example,if the audio is too low,reduce the value of the 100K ohm resistor and increase the value of the 1.5K ohm resistor.

To access VR36


  1. Remove the bottom cover of the radio to expose the IF unit.

  2. locate VR36
  3. Use a plastic alignment tool to adjust VR36 for the bottom cover.

TS-790 with serial frequency control


by Kohjin Yamada, JR1EDE
3 Jun'90

This note is the summary of our discussion made among W9FMW, JA6FTL and myself.
The first report has been brought by WB0KSL expressing TS-790 has audio drops at the frequency change command in it's serial control.
JA6FTL confirmed the data loss at the product detecter on his scope too. These are as terrible as if we use KCT Tuner in it's serial control option.

Kenwood replied to my inquiry "It is made as so to prevent the noise of PLL, about 100m sec mute is created".
Kenwood suggests the modification as below but it should be made on user's responsibility. This should be solved in their next products, I strongly told them.

JA6FTL and I confirmed that it now works perfectly on FO-20's actual test and uSATs too with the following modification.
Kenwood suggestion;(Refer to IF DIAGRAM)

You could disable the mute function by following methods, both or item 2 only.
  1. Delete D20 or R191 (for SUB audio) As far as you would use the rear data port (ACC2), it's *NOT* necessary to do this, although you would still have the audio drop at the sound of loud speaker. Of cource, you should do this modification when you would hook up the audio data from Microphone Plug.
  2. Put a jumper between Q4 collector and emitter (for SUB RF Block) This modification is a *MUST*.
    You can do this by several ways but the above is most easy.
The following discussion might help you a bit;
(partly eddited by me)

I wrote to W9FMW;
>Cut the line between Q4 Collector and R15 (470 orhm) and Ground the end of
>R15. JA6FTL made the mod removing Q4 entirelly and grounding the end of R15.
>Q4 located the left of Q5, they are located roughly oposite side of L2, L3.
>JA6FTL says the modification needs a magnifying glass, Hi.


There is 1 Reply.

Here is additional info. to the modification.

Yes..... Need magnifying glass (I am not farsighted nor shortsighted Hi.) This modification is to disable the blocking line for IF amp.
Audio muting function remains unchanged, but it is no problem to use rear data port. (Audio muting circuit consists of D20 and Q12)
  1. Put the frontside toward you and remove the bottom cover of 790.
  2. Remove the 13 screws that fix IF board. Lift over up the board toward you.
  3. Q5 and Q4 are located just opposite side of L2 and L3.
    Chip Q5(printed "V11") has 4 solderd legs, and it's located next to R15 (470 ohm surface mount resistor, printed as "471").
    Q4 is located just beside R15 and has 3 legs.

TS790E - Burned out diode


Hi to all fellow TS-790E owners,

Just a quick note to warn users of this magnificent wireless of the dangers of exceeding the recommended duty-cycle on full power transmit on 430MHz.

My 790 puts out about 45 watts of RF on UHF (slightly more than the quoted spec). The other night whilst listing messages from the BBS, I suddenly lost RF output from the UHF section. The radio was also drawing excessive current when the TX was keyed (22 Amps @ 13.8V - normally 16 Amps @ full output power).

I returned it the following day to the dealer where I bought it 22 months ago and they diagnosed a burnt out RX/TX switching diode (D2 in the circuit diagram). It was not only burnt out, it had disappeared! It is a special component and cost about 15 - total repair cost 50.

One week later I got it back and all was well again with no other damage apparent. I do not think the failure was caused by using packet as the duty-cycle at the time was very low indeed (just listing the new messages for the day). I think it all started the night before when I had an hour long QSO using full power FM on 433.550. The radio gets pretty hot under these conditions and its internal cooling fan was running continuously after about 5 mins on air. The manual does warn the user to allow the transmitter to cool after extended transmitting, but is not specific about the duty-cycle when using full power.

So, please be careful with your 790 and don't cook it like I did. It is NOT CAPABLE OF A 100% DUTY CYCLE when using maximum power on UHF. It does not get as hot when using VHF but caution should be exercised if the fan is running continuously. I would not expect there to be any problems when using SSB on either band, nor would I expect normal packet/data use to cause problems.

YOU HAVE BEEN WARNED !


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